Measures Related to the Sports Setting
Helmets should be fitted by a knowledgeable person experienced
in the process. During fitting, the player’s hair
should be at normal length and should be wet, to best
simulate the actual condition of the hair during play.
If a player changes his hair style during the season,
especially if he shaves his head, the helmet should
the fit: The best fit resists motion of the helmet on
the head. To test the fit, the jaw pads should be removed
and the athlete should flex his neck, resisting efforts
to rotate the helmet from side to side. If the skin
on the forehead does not move with the helmet, the helmet
is not snug enough. Also, the helmet should be rotated
up and down to be sure that the front edge of the shell
does not come down on the bridge of the nose and that
the rear side of the shell does not impinge on the nape
of the neck. Helmets should be comfortable but snug.
should have a nose bumper guard. Jaw pads of proper
thickness will help minimize side-to-side rotation of
the helmet. There should be no space between the jaw
pads and the jaw and cheek. A four-point chin strap
should always be used, with equal tension on all four
attachments and no slack in the straps. Bandanas or
other head covering under the helmet should not be allowed.
Masks: If the helmet is fitted without a face
mask or if the mask is changed, the fit should be rechecked
after one has been attached. The sides of the shell
may be slightly spread or pulled in by the mask, distorting
the shell and changing the fit. The width of the mask
should therefore match the width of the shell as closely
as possible. The mask should be 1-1/2" from the
nose. If the cage mask is fitted too closely to the
face, the face can be cut when the cage is driven back
during violent contact.
opening should be small enough to keep forearms and
shoes out. If the bar style is fitted too low it doesn't’t
protect the facial area sufficiently. If it is fitted
too high it obstructs vision.
a helmet has been properly fitted, it should be marked
with the athlete’s name or number, to avoid it
getting mixed up with other helmets. Periodic refitting
may be necessary due to haircuts, compression of pads
or loss of air from compartments.
Shoulder pad manufacturers design different styles of
pads for different team positions. Before a shoulder
pad is fitted, the position for which it was designed
should be determined.
pad is fitted, it should always be used by the particular
player it was fitted for. The shoulder pads should be
constantly inspected for cracks, frayed strings and
straps, loose rivets and other possible failures.
and knee pads should be large enough to cover the respective
areas. The pants are important in maintaining proper
placement of these pads. The pants should be tight enough
to prevent thigh pads from sliding.
fiber pads should be worn on the arm at or below the
Conditions: Maintenance of playing fields is
one of the most basic strategies for preventing injuries.
Turf should be well-maintained. Practice and playing
fields should be well-lighted and free of holes, broken
glass and other hazardous debris.
Hazards: Locker rooms, weight rooms and shower
rooms should be sanitary, well-lit and free of hazardous
debris. Sporting events
can be the occasion of injuries among spectators as
well as athletes. Out-of bounds buffer zones between
spectators and the playing field should be adequate
to prevent collisions. Goal posts should be padded to
prevent injuries from high speed collisions.